Twenty Love Poems and A Song of Despair

Twenty Love Poems and A Song of Despair

Printed: 6.99 $eBook: 2.99 $
Genres: Classics, Fiction, Poetry
Publisher: e-Kitap Projesi & Cheapest Books
Publication Year: 2020
Format: (eBook + Printed)
Length: English/Spanish, 5.5" x 8.5" (14 x 22 cm), 84 pages
Illustrator: Francisco Goya
ASIN: B08957J5B8
ISBN: 9786257959964

Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair (Spanish: Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada) is a collection of romantic poems by the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, first published in 1924 by Editorial Nascimento of Santiago, when Neruda was 19. It was Neruda's second published work, after Crepusculario (Editorial Nascimento, 1923) and made his name as a poet.

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About the Book

Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair (Spanish: Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada) is a collection of romantic poems by the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, first published in 1924 by Editorial Nascimento of Santiago, when Neruda was 19. It was Neruda's second published work, after Crepusculario (Editorial Nascimento, 1923) and made his name as a poet.

Veinte poemas was controversial for its eroticism, especially considering its author's very young age. Over the decades, Veinte poemas has become Neruda's best-known work, and has sold more than 20 million copies. The book has been translated into many languages; in English, the translation was made by poet W. S. Merwin in 1969. A more recent English translation by J. Simon Harris was released in 2020.

It remains the best selling poetry book in the Spanish language ever, almost 100 years after its first publication. As of 2020, it is in the public domain.

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Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada (Twenty Love Poems and A Song of Despair) es una de las más célebres obras del poeta chileno Pablo Neruda (1904-1973). Publicado en 1924, el poemario lanzó a su autor a la fama con apenas 19 años de edad, y es una de las obras literarias de mayor renombre del siglo XX en la lengua castellana.

El libro pertenece a la época de juventud del poeta, ya que fue escrito y publicado cuando no contaba aún con veinte años. Su origen se suele explicar como una evolución consciente de su poética que trata de salirse de los moldes del modernismo que dominaban sus primeras composiciones y su primer libro, Crepusculario.

La obra está compuesta por veinte poemas de temática amorosa, más un poema final titulado La canción desesperada. A excepción de este último, los poemas no tienen título.

Aunque el poemario esté basado en experiencias amorosas reales del joven Neruda, es un libro de amor que no se dirige a una sola amante. El poeta ha mezclado en sus versos las características físicas de varias mujeres reales de su primera juventud para crear una imagen de la amada irreal que no corresponde a ninguna de ellas en concreto, sino que representa una idea puramente poética de su objeto amoroso.

About the Author
Pablo Neruda

Pablo Neruda (1904 – 1973), was a Chilean poet-diplomat and politician who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. Neruda became known as a poet when he was 13 years old, and wrote in a variety of styles, including surrealist poems, historical epics, overtly political manifestos, a prose autobiography, and passionate love poems such as the ones in his collection Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair (1924).
Neruda occupied many diplomatic positions in various countries during his lifetime and served a term as a Senator for the Chilean Communist Party. When President Gabriel González Videla outlawed communism in Chile in 1948, a warrant was issued for Neruda's arrest. Friends hid him for months in the basement of a house in the port city of Valparaíso; Neruda escaped through a mountain pass near Maihue Lake into Argentina. Years later, Neruda was a close advisor to Chile's socialist President Salvador Allende. When Neruda returned to Chile after his Nobel Prize acceptance speech, Allende invited him to read at the Estadio Nacional before 70,000 people.
Neruda was hospitalised with cancer in September 1973, at the time of the coup d'état led by Augusto Pinochet that overthrew Allende's government, but returned home after a few days when he suspected a doctor of injecting him with an unknown substance for the purpose of murdering him on Pinochet's orders. Neruda died in his house in Isla Negra on 23 September 1973, just hours after leaving the hospital. Although it was long reported that he died of heart failure, the Interior Ministry of the Chilean government issued a statement in 2015 acknowledging a Ministry document indicating the government's official position that "it was clearly possible and highly likely" that Neruda was killed as a result of "the intervention of third parties". However, an international forensic test conducted in 2013 rejected allegations that he was poisoned and concluded that he was suffering from prostate cancer. Pinochet, backed by elements of the armed forces, denied permission for Neruda's funeral to be made a public event, but thousands of grieving Chileans disobeyed the curfew and crowded the streets. Neruda is often considered the national poet of Chile, and his works have been popular and influential worldwide.
The Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez once called him "the greatest poet of the 20th century in any language", and the critic Harold Bloom included Neruda as one of the writers central to the Western tradition in his book The Western Canon.

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